PART of the ARTS !
Title: Shining Hope
Artist: Pittman, Lauren Wright
Scripture: Matthew 2:1-12
General Subject: Adoration of the Magi
Culture: African American
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Copyright Source: Lauren Wright Pittman, http://www.lewpstudio.com/
O God, whom saints and angels delight to worship in heaven: Be ever present with your servants who seek through art and music to perfect the praises offered by your people on earth; and grant to them even now glimpses of your beauty, and make them worthy at length to behold it unveiled for evermore; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
The term, from the Latin carnis (“flesh”) literally means “enfleshment.” It reflects the christological doctrine that Jesus was fully human and fully divine, the Son of God “in the flesh.” It is based on Jn 1:14,
“And the Word became flesh and lived among us.”
During the first four centuries of the church, the nature of the relationship of divine and human in Jesus was hotly contested. The notion that Jesus, a mere human being, was “adopted” by God (Adoptionism); or that Jesus was purely God and merely seemed to have human form (Docetism); or that Jesus had two completely distinct natures, divine and human (Nestorianism); or that Jesus had a single divine nature (Monophysitism) were all rejected by general councils of the church. In contrast, the orthodox doctrine of the Incarnation recognized Jesus to be “truly God and truly man . . . in two natures, without confusion, without change, without division, without separation,” as noted by the Council of Chalcedon (451) (BCP, p. 864).
This term is from the Greek homo (same or identical), and ousia (being or essence). It is the word translated in the English version of the Nicene Creed as “being of one substance” (BCP, p. 327, Rite 1) or “of one Being” (BCP, p. 358, Rite 2). After lengthy debate at the Council of Nicaea in 325, homoousios became the approved, orthodox way to express the relationship between the first and second persons of the Trinity.
This understanding contradicted Arius, who conceived the Word to be a creature of God, similar but in some respects unlike the first person of the Godhead (homoiousios). However, orthodox dogma insisted that Father and Son were of identical substance or being (homoousios), and that the Son was “begotten, not made” (BCP, pp. 327, 358). See Homoiousios; see Arianism; see Ecumenical Councils.
The term is from the Greek homoi, “similar,” and ousia “being,” meaning “of similar being.” It is associated with the Arian understanding of the relation between the Father and the Son (or Word). Arius understood Father and Son to be of similar-but not identical-being or essence. Although Father and Son were considered to be in some sense similar, they were also considered in some sense dissimilar. Arius regarded the Son or Word to be a created being, as a boat is created by a shipbuilder. For Arius, Father and Son could not be said to be of one substance. The Council of Nicaea in 325 declared such an understanding of the relationship between Father and Son to be inadequate to provide for the divine salvation of the world through the Son. It insisted that Father and Son are not merely similar but are of one substance, one being, homoousios. See Homoousios; see Arianism; see Ecumenical Councils.
A season of four to nine weeks, from the Feast of the Epiphany (Jan. 6) through the Tuesday before Ash Wednesday. The length of the season varies according to the date of Easter. The gospel stories of this season describe various events that manifest the divinity of Jesus. The coming of the Magi is celebrated on the Epiphany. The Baptism of our Lord is observed on the Sunday after Epiphany. The gospels for the other Sundays of the Epiphany season describe the wedding at Cana, the calling of the disciples, and various miracles and teachings of Jesus. The Last Sunday after the Epiphany is always devoted to the Transfiguration. Jesus’ identity as the Son of God is dramatically revealed in the Transfiguration gospel, as well as the gospel of the baptism of Christ. We are called to respond to Christ in faith through the showings of his divinity recorded in the gospels of the Epiphany season.
The manifestation of Christ to the peoples of the earth. The winter solstice was kept on Jan. 6 at some places during the first centuries of the Christian Era. In opposition to pagan festivals, Christians chose this day to celebrate the various manifestations, or “epiphanies,” of Jesus’ divinity. These showings of his divinity included his birth, the coming of the Magi, his baptism, and the Wedding at Cana where he miraculously changed water into wine. The day was called “The Feast of Lights.” Celebration of the Son of God replaced celebration of the sun. Baptisms were done, and a season of preparation was instituted. It was later called Advent.
The solstice was kept on Dec. 25 by the fourth century. Jesus’ birth was celebrated on this day in both eastern and western churches. The western church commemorated the coming of the Magi on Jan. 6. The eastern church continued to celebrate the Baptism of our Lord and the Wedding at Cana on Jan. 6. In the east the day was called “Theophany” (manifestation of God).
The coming of the Magi is celebrated on the Feast of the Epiphany, Jan. 6, in the BCP. The Baptism of our Lord is celebrated on the First Sunday after the Epiphany.
What is Epiphany?
Epiphany: Definition and Examples in Spoken Language and Literature
You might have heard the term epiphany and wondered what it means. In this piece, we are going to be taking a look at the meaning of an epiphany as well as looking at how it can be used in the way of spoken language as well as being used as a literary device. We will also be looking at some examples of epiphany, this will help us to gain a greater understanding of how it can function.
What is epiphany?
The word epiphany comes from the Greek language and is known to translate to mean manifestation or appearance. It can also refer to the meaning of a reveal. This ties in nicely with the meaning of the concept of epiphany, when it is used as a literary device, an epiphany is a moment in which a character gains clarity or understanding of a situation. They may have been through a series of events which made no sense or left them feeling uncertain but at the moment of the epiphany, they gain knowledge, awareness and realisation. Using the concept of epiphany allows the writer to let the character see a situation with a fresh pair of eyes or in a brand new light. Usually, when the character has an epiphany, they are then able to much more easily tackle the situation or problem with which they are faced.
In other terms, the epiphany may happen outside of literature and in our day to day lives, there are many examples of this such as the scientist who has been looking for a certain result who then has an epiphany and is more easily able to find the solution to the problem. In other day-to-day terms, one might have an epiphany to do with their personal situation such as their relationship with a significant other or an element in their career. The epiphany is simply a moment of discovery and realisation that urges your life forward in a positive way by giving you clarity in order to solve a problem.
Examples Of Epiphany In Literature
As we mentioned, the epiphany is a useful literary device in which the writer gives their character a new vision on a situation and this, therefore, allows them to have better knowledge and understanding. We are now going to take a look at some examples of times where writers have employed the use of epiphany in their work.
In William Shakespeare’s play, Othello we see one of the characters experience an epiphany when hearing the speech of another. The main character of Othello realises upon hearing the speech that he had wrongly murdered his wife, but now it was too late.
In the famous novel, Great Expectations written by Charles Dickens, the character Pip, has an epiphany when he realises that the person who he believed to be his benefactor, is not and that his true benefactor is in fact, a convict.
In The Dead by James Joyce, one of the characters has a big epiphany after attending a party which allows the character to realise how dull his life is, this then causes him to think about the fact that one day, he will certainly die and this greatly changes his attitude to his life.
In Hamlet, written by William Shakespeare, we see another example of epiphany when the title character is sailing aboard a ship to England. Up until this point, he had been plotting revenge for the person who had killed his father but then he suddenly realises that will not achieve anything and utters the line “There is a divine power which forms our ends, view them how we shall.”
Examples Of Epiphany In Spoken Or Daily Life
There are many occasions in which you might notice epiphany in your day to day life, or indeed in the lives of others. Let’s now look at some examples of times that epiphany might occur.
One of the most famous epiphany moments in history is when Sir Isaac Newton had an apple fall upon his head, this was a moment which gave him an understanding of the force of gravity.
The special theory of relativity thought up by Albert Einstein came about after he had an epiphany when returning home and feeling very deflated. He considered the idea of having gotten home at light speed and in turn, the light from the clock in the town would not have yet reached him, despite his car clock ticking as usual. Therefore the time within the car and outside of the car would be slightly different. From this moment he went on to create the full theory.
If we were to look at an example of someone who smokes, they might smoke for their entire lives but then suddenly see something which completely changes their perspective on the habit, causing them to see it in a new light and cease smoking. They might see their small child putting a cigarette in their mouths or watch a friend suffer a smoking-related illness or death.
Greek Mathematician, Archimedes had the famous eureka moment when he had an epiphany when trying to determine the density of gold of the royal crown. This occurred when he was taking a bath and realised that his weight, in fact, displaced the water and the same effect would be seen with the crown, thereby allowing him to calculate its density.
Imagine a mother who feeds her children with a diet of fast food and unhealthy meals. When the doctor announces that one of her children is overweight and at risk of health conditions, she has an epiphany and realises that she needs to change what she is feeding them.
In this article, we have learned that an epiphany is a moment in time where a literary character or a real-life person comes to a new realisation of a situation, enabling them to better understand it and therefore tackle it. It is used as a turning point for a character within a story and allows there to be a final conclusion. We have seen that there are many examples of epiphany in both our day to day lives as well as in a literary sense.
As the story begins, our protagonist is living in obscurity. A series of events will bring this unique individual into their proper place of leading the charge as good overcomes evil and right casts down might. The main character is more than people first realize; he or she has greater depth, insight, and strength of character than others realize. The Hero’s Journey is embedded into ancient literature and in more contemporary fiction, including The Lord of the Rings and The Hunger Games.
This discovery of a secret identity is also the basic story in the ancient tale of Oedipus, which plays itself out with tragic consequences. You will find variations on the theme in fairytales like Sleeping Beauty and Cinderella, particularly in their written forms. The King Arthur legend also has this central element of the boy Arthur not knowing he is the heir to the throne of England until he is the only one who can miraculously pull the sword from the stone.
Harry Potter is an orphan forced to live under the stairs when an invitation to Hogwarts arrives. Luke Skywalker yearns for adventure as he grows up on a sparsely inhabited desert planet in the galaxy’s Outer Rim Territories at the beginning of the Star Wars saga. Why is this such an enduring story? Do we long to be something more than everyone else sees?
Perhaps this fiction captures our imaginations as this story is embedded in the Gospels. Mary is a young girl whose great potential seems known to God alone when the Angel Gabriel comes to her in Nazareth. Mary saying “Yes” to God will change human history. Jesus’ story, as well as his mother’s, follows this storyline. Mary and Joseph raised Jesus as a carpenter’s son in the backwater town of Nazareth, where few knew his real identity. For the first thirty years of his life, Jesus grew to manhood in the care of his mom and stepdad, his true identity always there in his name.
Jesus is “the name given by the angel before he was conceived in the womb.” Jesus is “the name that is above every name.” Jesus was a very common Hebrew name, both centuries before and long after Mary called her firstborn child by this name. Jesus is the same as the names Joshua, Hosea, and Isaiah, meaning “God saves” or “God is salvation.”
In Hebrew thought, a name signifies the essence of someone. Yehoshua, “God saves,” was not merely what people called Mary and Joseph’s child; rather, God’s salvation was to be the very meaning and purpose of his life.
We also find throughout scripture examples of God recognizing something more in the essence of someone than their name captures. God then gives the person a new name. God renamed Abram and Sarai. The name Abram meant “exalted father,” but God called him Abraham, meaning “the father of nations.” Sarai meant “quarrelsome,” but God called her Sarah, which means “princess.” God took Jacob, which means “heel grabber” and named him Israel, meaning “the one who struggles with God.” Jesus will also call Simon, whose name means “to hear” or “to listen” by the name Cephas or Peter, both of which mean “rock.” Saul, who is the persecutor of the first followers of Jesus, will be given the Greek name Paul as he is sent to bring the Good News of God’s salvation found in Jesus to the Gentiles, who would otherwise remain left out of the coming reign of God.
The maker of heaven and earth seeing you as no one else does and calling you by name or even giving you a new name has the same dramatic appeal as the Hero’s Journey found throughout literature. There is something alluring in discovering that you are more than you may seem to others.
Paul reminds us in Galatians that the Holy Spirit bears witness to each of us, telling us that we are children of God. You are not only a child of God but also an heir. You are a joint heir with Jesus the Christ. Paul says that you can call out to God saying, “Abba, Father.” The word Abba is now, as it was when Paul wrote, a loving term. To translate his phrase further into today’s language, you can cry out to God, saying “daddy,” or “papa,” or whatever you would say to a loving father. That’s how close you are to God.
Calling God “Father” does not limit God to being male, nor does it make God into any of the bad fathers you may have known. What speaking of God as father did in ancient Israel was to open the idea that God can have heirs, people who inherit the fullness of what is God’s. Paul highlighted the personal nature of being God’s child, writing that we can cry out to God as our “Abba,” our “daddy.”
We could avoid the tremendous emotional and physical damage we humans do to each other and to ourselves if we could truly see ourselves as God sees us and then see those around us as God sees them. Everyone you have ever known was made in the image and likeness of God. Yet people go around not understanding their value because they don’t know that they are the beloved children of the creator of the cosmos.
Youth ministry and college campus ministry are extraordinarily vital, as those years are when people come to see themselves apart from their parents and family. Making it out of middle school and high school with any shred of self-esteem is miraculous. Most people, often between the ages of ten and twenty-five, pick up emotional wounds that will remain festering and seeping poison into their psyches unless they can find healing. At 40, they remember the name of the bully in sixth grade and at 50, they recall the friend who betrayed them with gossip. Any of us can fall into replaying tapes in our heads of the harsh and cruel things others have said and see ourselves through their eyes. If you take those messages to heart, you are not seeing yourself as God sees you. God sees you as beloved. The maker of heaven and earth knows you by name, loves you as you are, and wants better for you.
There are people in this community who do not see yet themselves as God sees them. Each of us is placed in a family, a workplace, and among friends where we can remind those we love of how much God loves them. We have a mission to reach out to others in Jesus’ name, sharing the same mercy, grace, and forgiveness we have found. We don’t have to go looking for these opportunities – we just need to speak up when we see someone in grief or other emotional pain. You and I might not seem essential to the great unfolding story of history, but God gives us the grace of bringing the Good News to those who are hurting – the Good News that God knows them by name and wants them to discover their destiny as a child of God and joint heir with Jesus. The Hero’s Journey is meant to be everyone’s story.
The Rt. Rev. Frank Logue is the Bishop of the Diocese of Georgia. He previously served on the Executive Council of The Episcopal Church and was the church planter for King of Peace Episcopal Church in Kingsland, Georgia.
January 01, 2023
There is something holy about the giving and receiving of names. The acts of naming and being named are sacred practices in the Judeo-Christian faith. When we are born, our parents or our guardians give us our first names and share with us their last name. We give affectionate nicknames to those we love and share our lives with. When we are joined together with another in marriage, a common practice is the sharing or joining together of last names between partners. Our names give us identity and reveal us as persons who are known and joined together with our families and community.
How remarkable then is this instance of the Lord sharing a name with the people of Israel? In this act, Israel is given an identity – one of being joined together with the Lord who is capable of blessing them, keeping them and granting them peace, even in the midst of their incompleteness and in their becoming.
Today, this same blessing is available to us. We too can share in this name with the one who desires to bless us, keep us and ultimately, grant us peace.
Monday, January 2, 2023: Psalm 20; Genesis 12:1-7; Hebrews 11:1-12
Tuesday, January 3, 2023: Psalm 72; Genesis 28:10-22; Hebrews 11:13-22
Wednesday, January 4, 2023: Psalm 72; Exodus 3:1-5; Hebrews 11:23-31
Thursday, January 5, 2023: Psalm 72; Joshua 1:1-9; Hebrews 11:32-12:2
Friday, January 6, 2023: Epiphany of the Lord
Saturday, January 7, 2023: Psalm 72; 1 Kings 10:1-13; Ephesians 3:14-21
Sunday, January 8, 2023: Baptism of the Lord
Monday, January 9, 2023: Psalm 89:5-37; Genesis 35:1-15; Acts 10:44-48
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“O God, our heavenly Father, whose glory fills the whole creation, and whose presence we find wherever we go:
preserve those who travel; surround them with your loving care; protect them from every danger;
and bring them in safety to their journey’s end; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.